Board Information

Welcome to the Montana Board of Physical Therapy Examiners

The Montana Board of Physical Therapy Examiners is pleased to share with you the licensing and regulatory information for physical therapist and physical therapist assistants. Within this website you will find information on what is needed to become licensed, verify who is already licensed, and learn the statutory and regulatory requirements if you are licensed. You can also learn of board meetings and agenda topics, see the latest news and view frequently asked questions. You can start your search for information by choosing from board information topics to the left on each tab.


Renewing a Physical Therapist or Physical Therapist Assistant License in 2017?

Important Information!

It's a new year and the Business Standards Division is taking a new approach in how it informs you that it's time to renew your license. Here's what you can expect:

1.  When the renewal period opens on February 1, the Division will send an e-mail reminder to all licensees eligible for renewal who have provided an e-mail address. This e-mail reminder will not include the specific User Name and Password that you will use for online renewal at You are responsible for storing that information. If you have lost it, please contact the Board office ASAP, preferably before the renewal period opens. (Please use e-mail to make your request so phone lines can remain available for other business.) Make sure your email address is current or has been updated.
2.  For any renewing licensees who have not provided an e-mail address, the Division will mail a reminder postcard. Like the reminder e-mail, the postcard will not include the specific User Name and Password that you will use for online renewal.
3.  E-mail reminders will continue to be sent at regular intervals throughout the renewal period. Licensees who have renewed will be removed from that e-mail list so they don't receive duplicate e-mails.
4.  Approximately 30 days from the end of the renewal period, any licensee who has not yet renewed will receive a reminder postcard, whether or not they received one at the beginning of the period.
5.  E-mail reminders will continue to be sent until the end of the renewal period April 1.

We believe this new approach will be helpful for you. It also promises to be a more efficient and less costly way for the Board to inform its licensees about renewal.


Attention Licenees: New Law in Effect July 1, 2015

The new law allows the board and department to suspend licenses of persons who:

submit fines or fees without sufficient funds in their account,

  • fail to meet continuing education or certification requirements as discovered in an audit,
  • fail to comply with a final order of the board, or
  • fail to respond to correspondence concerning these matters.

You are cautioned to notify the board office of your current contact information or risk having correspondence  not delivered to you and your license administratively suspended without further notice or hearing. More information may be found on the FAQ tab.

The Montana Board of Physical Therapy Examiners makes every effort to include relevant and current information pertaining to licensing and regulation on our website.

Contact Information

Application or licensing questions:
Phone: (406) 444-5711

Renewal questions, verifications to other states, address changes, and name changes:
Phone: (406) 444-6880

Continuing education questions and information:
Phone: (406) 444-5696

Complaint information (information on filing a complaint against a licensee):
LaVelle Potter, Compliance Specialist
Phone: (406) 841-2362

Board Management:
Linda Grief, Executive Officer
Professional Licensing Bureau
Phone: (406) 841-2395

Board Events

Board meetings are usually held several times a year.
Meeting minutes are posted within 3 days of board approval.

In general, Board meetings are open to the public.
There are certain meetings or parts (Screening Panel and Executive Session), which are closed to the public.

Scheduled and Proposed Meetings

Board Members

Board members are appointed by the Governor with Senate confirmation. 
Members serve 3 year terms with no more than two consecutive terms.

Individual Board Members can be contacted by email at In your message please specify which board member you would like to contact. For additional contact information and information on board member terms, please visit the Governor’s Office link for Board Members and Councils at

Kelsey Wadsworth - President, Physical Therapist
Jennifer Lorengo - Vice President, Physical Therapist
Holly Claussen - Secretary, Physical Therapist
Bridget Mennie - Physical Therapist
Pat Goodover II - Public Member


Decision Making Guide

Board of Physical Therapy Rule Changes November 13, 2009

American Physical Therapy Association - Code of Ethics for the Physical Therapist

Position Statement: Physical Therapy Aides Performing Designated Unskilled Tasks

Dry Needling (APTA) 

APTA November 2011 letter to the Board RE: Dry Needling

HB 105 - An act adopting an interstate physical therapy licensure compact.

HB 386 - An act providing that physical therapy may be practiced through telemedicine.


Lookup Licensed Individual

Licensee Lookup System

This site is a primary source for verification of license credentials.

The Montana Department of Labor and Industry, Business Standards Division, presents Licensee Lookup information as a service to the public. The Division relies upon information provided by licensees to be true and correct, as required by statute. It is an act of unprofessional conduct for a licensee knowingly to provide erroneous information to the Division.

The Department of Labor and Industry makes no warranty or guarantee concerning the accuracy or reliability of the content of this website. Assessing the accuracy and reliability of information obtained from this website is solely the responsibility of the user. If you have questions regarding information found within this Licensee Lookup website, please contact the specific licensing board directly.

Please note that some disciplinary actions against licensees may not appear immediately on the website. Appeals, effective dates of orders and other administrative processes may delay posting on the website. Please contact the specific licensing board directly if you require discipline information that occurred prior to July 1, 1996.

Physical Therapist or Physical Therapy Assistant

The following outlines general licensing information. For specific information on filing an application, you will need to obtain the Application which includes a detailed listing of the requirements.

A physical therapist application checklist can be found here.

A physical therapist assistant application checklist can be foud here.

A. Application Fee: All Fees are Non-Refundable
$100.00 Original License Fee (must be paid by all applicants) 
$100.00 Temporary Licensee Fee
$125.00 Endorsement Fee (must be paid by applicants licensed in another state)

B. Education Requirements: Completion of a Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education (CAPTE) accredited Physical Therapy or Physical Therapy Assistant program.

C. Examination Information: Must have passed the National Physical Therapy Examination (NPTE) or National Physical Therapy Assistant Examination (NPTAE) and Jurisprudence Examination.

D. Continuing Education Requirements: Each licensee shall obtain 30 hours/credits of continuing education in each 24-month period prior to the renewal date in odd-numbered years.

The reporting period is April 1, 2017 to March 31, 2019.

No continuing education is required for licensees renewing for the first time.

E. Renewal Period: Feb. 1 - April 1
Late Renew Online for 45 days until May 16

F. Renewal Fee: Active and Late $60

G. Other Special License Requirements:To obtain the score transfer form please go to the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy web site

- License verifications from all states or jurisdictions that the licensee has held or holds a license.


PT Compact - FAQ's

Exam Information

Two examinations must be passed to receive a license to practice physical therapy in the State of Montana. The first examination is the Jurisprudence Examination, which is an open book examination covering current rules and regulations, Montana physical therapy statutes, rules and regulations, subject to Title 37, Chapters 1 and 11, Montana Code Annotated (MCA) and Administrative Rules of Montana (ARM), Chapters 101 and 177. To pass the examination an applicant must score at least a 90%. Applicants failing the Jurisprudence Examination shall retake the examination until passed. A fee of $25.00 will be charged for each retake. Enclosed in the application packet will be a Jurisprudence Examination that needs to be completed and returned with the Licensure Application.

The second examination which must be passed is the National Physical Therapy Examination (NPTE) or the National Physical Therapy Assistant Examination (NPTAE). These examinations are computer-based (taken on a computer). The applicant must register and pay fees to the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy (FSBPT) to take the NPTE or NPTAE. FSBPT administers the examination, designates the testing sites, and provides the applicant with an authorization to test letter. The testing site is at a local Sylvan Learning Center.

To pass the licensing examination an applicant must score a passing grade equal to or greater than a scaled score of 600.

Applicants may register for the NPTE or NPTAE prior to graduation but may not sit for the examination until they submit proof of graduation.  A letter from the school certifying graduation may be used in lieu of a diploma or transcripts, in order to register for the examination.

Download List of Licensees

License Download System

This service allows you to purchase complete lists of individuals, businesses, and contractors licensed with the State of Montana through the Business Standards Division.

Options include:

  • Creating a customized list of licensees by selecting board type, license type, license status, county, etc.;
  • Submitting payment for your list using a credit/debit card or registered user account
  • Downloading your list immediately, and if necessary, retrieving your list within 24-hours of purchase

License Verification Request

Statute/Rule Information

All of the Statutes and Rules listed here are applicable to this board.

Statutes are laws passed by the Legislature. All changes in statutes must go through the legislative process and be passed into law before they become effective. Title 37, Chapter 1, Part 3 is the Uniform Regulatory Act passed by the Legislature in 1995. All professional and occupational licensing is covered in these statutes.

Administrative Rules pertaining to physical therapy are written and adopted by the Board of Physical Therapy Examiners. The Board writes rules in order to administer the laws over which the Legislature has given the Board authority. Rules can be changed by going through the rule-making procedure. They do not go through the Legislative process. The Board of Physical Therapy Examiners continuously reviews rules to determine needed changes.

The Administrative Rules of Montana (ARM) at this site contain what should be the same text as the official version published by the Office of the Secretary of State. There is a possibility, however, that the content may vary from the official version. In addition, the format has been changed for viewing on this web site. A copy of the official ARM in official format can be obtained from the ARM Bureau of the Office of the Secretary of State, by emailing: A web version of the ARM published by the Secretary of State can be viewed at Secretary of State's Administrative Rules of Montana

Administrative Rules


Rules Notices

Physical Therapy Compact Commission Notice of Proposed Rulemaking





Physical Therapy Compact Commission Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

The Physical Therapy Compact Commission is requesting public comment on the draft amendments to Rule 2.1 - Criminal Background Check. Pursuant to Section 9 of the Physical Therapy Compact, the Commission is required to post this Notice at least thirty (30) days in advance of the meeting at which the Rules will be considered and voted upon by the Commission.





In the matter of the amendment of ARM 24.177.503 military training or experience, 24.177.510 foreign-trained physical therapist applicants, and 24.177.2105 continuing education, and the repeal of ARM 24.177.410 list of licensed physical therapists

Physical Therapy Compact Commission Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

The draft Rules facilitate the general operation of the Physical Therapy Compact Commission in order to fulfill the objectives of the Compact, through a means of joint cooperative action among the Member States.


In the matter of the amendment of ARM 24.177.2105 continuing education and the adoption of NEW RULE I dry needling


In the matter of the amendment of ARM 24.101.402 definitions and 24.101.403 administrative fees, and the repeal of 24.101.401 purpose, 24.101.407 licensing, and 24.101.414 renewal notification


In the matter of the amendment of ARM 24.177.501 examinations, 24.177.507 licensure of out-of-state applicants, the adoption of NEW RULE I dry needling, and the repeal of ARM 24.177.2101 renewals and 24.177.2401 complaint procedure


In the matter of the amendment of ARM 24.177.2105 continuing education

posted May 20, 2014

posted November 20, 2014


In the matter of the adoption of NEW RULE I military training or experience

posted March 7, 2014

posted May 20, 2014


In the matter of the adoption of New Rule I treatments performed exclusively by the physical therapist The Montana Board of Physical Therapy Examiners motioned on May 3, 2013, not to move forward with the New Rule 1. Thus New Rule 1 will not be adopted.


In the matter of the amendment of ARM 24.177.401 fees, 24.177.501 examinations, 24.177.504 temporary licenses, 24.177.507 licensure of out-of-state applicants, 24.177.510 foreign-trained physical therapy applicants, 24.177.2105 continuing education, 24.177.2301 unprofessional conduct, and the repeal of ARM 24.177.2405 screening panel


In the matter of the adoption of NEW RULE I registration for out-of-state volunteer professionals

posted November 7, 2011

posted January 27, 2012


In the matter of the amendment of ARM 24.177.405 physical therapy aides, 24.177.504 temporary licenses, 24.177.507 out of state applicants, 24.177.510 foreign trained applicants, 24.177.704 topical medication protocols, and 24.177.2105 continuing education all pertaining to physical therapists

posted May 11, 2009

posted November 5, 2009


In the matter of the adoption of NEW RULE I pertaining to licensee lookup database

posted January 23, 2009

posted July 10, 2009

Complaint Information

The mission of the Board of Physical Therapy Examiners is to protect the health, safety and well being of Montana citizens through the licensing of competent professionals and by the regulation of the practice to promote the delivery of quality health care.

In order to meet its mission, the Board is charged with taking appropriate action for unprofessional, incompetent, or unlawful practice. You can learn more about the complaint process or file a complaint with the Board here.

For information on complaints contact:
LaVelle Potter, Compliance Specialist
Telephone: (406) 841-2362

Complaint Information
Complaint Process Brochure
Complaint Form
Complaint Process FAQ

How to File a Complaint

The Department is charged with regulating professions and occupations for the protection of the public as a whole. Although the Department does not represent individuals filing complaints, the Department will review complaints in a timely manner to ensure a complaint is processed and that the Board will take appropriate action.

The length of time for resolution of a complaint is impossible to estimate due to the various complexities presented in individual complaints.

The following types of complaints may be filed:

  • Unprofessional conduct by a licensee;
  • Unprofessional conduct by a license applicant;
  • Unlicensed practice of the profession or occupation.

If an individual is unsure of what constitutes unprofessional conduct and needs a description of the various types, reference to Montana statutes and rules will provide an answer. These are found at your local public library or at the appropriate board site on this web page.

Drop Off or Mail to:
"Name of the Board or Program the complaint pertains to"
Business Standards Division
301 South Park, 4th Floor
PO Box 200514
Helena, MT 59620-0514

The Complaint Process

Business Standards Division

This process is used for the Boards that are administered in the Business Standards Division. 
The various Programs administered in the Division use a similar process.

Frequently Asked Questions about Complaint Process


When filing or responding to a complaint, be as thorough as possible. You may attach additional documents to the complaint form to ensure that all pertinent information has been included. The Screening Panel meeting is NOT a hearing, but is a time for the panel to consider the complaint and response. Attendance is your choice. If you attend the panel may ask additional questions. Please notify this office prior to the meeting if you plan to attend.

After a complaint has been filed against a licensed individual...

The Compliance Office will send a letter of acknowledgment to the person who filed the complaint (Complainant), and a letter requesting a response (with a copy of the complaint) to the licensee against whom the complaint was filed.

The Licensee may submit a written response addressing the complaint to the Compliance Office. The process continues whether or not a response is submitted. The Complainant is not entitled to a copy of the response.

The Compliance Office will notify the Licensee and Complainant regarding the date and time of any meeting during which the case will be discussed.

Complaints remain confidential unless a Notice of Proposed Board Action is issued, which is a public document along with all subsequent legal filings.

Closed Meeting - During a Closed Meeting only the Licensee, the Complainant, and/or attorneys for either can be in attendance. Minutes of Closed Meetings are not public documents.

Open Meeting - A public meeting which anyone can attend. The minutes of Open meetings are public documents and made available online via the specific Board’s webpage.
(Adjudication Panel meetings are usually open.)

Individuals may attend a meeting in person or by telephone. Please notify this office prior to the meeting if you plan to attend the meeting.


Screening PanelA committee comprised of members of the Board. The Screening Panel’s function is to determine the preliminary action(s) to take on a complaint. Possible preliminary actions include dismissal, investigation, or a finding of Reasonable Cause.

The complaint and response (if any) are submitted to the Screening Panel members. The Screening Panel meeting is not a hearing, but rather a committee meeting to review and discuss the complaint and response to determine if disciplinary action is warranted.


If the Screening Panel dismisses a complaint, the complaint can be dismissed with or without prejudice (see definitions below).

Dismissal With Prejudice - The complaint is dismissed and cannot be considered by the Screening Panel in the future.

Dismissal Without Prejudice - The complaint is dismissed but may be considered by the Screening Panel in the future if there are ever allegations of a similar nature.


Only a member of the Screening Panel can request an investigation of a complaint. If an investigation is requested by the Screening Panel, the case is assigned to an investigator who may request an interview with the Licensee, the Complainant, and/or other individuals. Upon completion of the investigation, a written report is submitted to the Screening Panel, which will then determine if there is Reasonable Cause to proceed with disciplinary action.


Reasonable Cause - A finding by the Screening Panel that evidence exists that a violation of statutes and rules has occurred which warrants proceeding with disciplinary action.

If Reasonable Cause is found, the Department Counsel issues a Notice of Proposed Board Action (Notice) to the Licensee. Once a Notice is issued, it is public information. A proposed Stipulation may be included with the Notice.

Notice - A legal document from the Department’s Legal Counsel which sets forth the Department’s factual assertions, the statutes or rules relied upon, and advising the licensee of the right to a hearing.

Stipulation - A tentative agreement for settlement of the case. A Stipulation is not finalized until approved by the Adjudication Panel. 

The Licensee may either sign the Stipulation or contest the proposed action by requesting an administrativeHearing (a legal process before a Hearing Examiner). If the Licensee wishes to request a hearing, written request must be received within twenty (20) days from receipt of the Notice. Failure to either sign a Stipulation or request a hearing within twenty (20) days may result in the issuing of a Final Order of Default against the licensee.

Default - the licensee’s acceptance of the disciplinary action demonstrated by failing to participate in the process


Adjudication Panel - A committee comprised of members of the Board who are  NOT on the Screening Panel. The Adjudication Panel determines the final outcome of a case.

The Adjudication Panel reviews the record to determine appropriate sanctions. A Final Order is issued by the Adjudication Panel, completing the complaint process.



Current license status and information regarding disciplinary action(s) against
a licensee can be accessed online at:

Unlicensed Practice Complaint Process

Department of Labor & Industry - Business Standards Division

PO Box 200513, Helena, MT 59620-0513

When a complaint or other information is received alleging possible unlicensed practice...

  • (If the allegation is not made in the form of a formal written complaint, a complaint form is completed by the Department and a complaint number is assigned.)
  • A copy of the complaint and a request for a written response are mailed to the person against whom the complaint was filed (Respondent).
  • A written acknowledgment that the complaint has been received is mailed to the person who filed the complaint (Complainant)
  • The respondent may submit a letter of response to the complaint. If a written response is not submitted, the complaint process continues without a response.
  • The complainant and the respondent are sent written notification of the date, time, and location of any meeting at which the complaint will be discussed.

The Board Meeting

  • Unlicensed Practice complaints are addressed by the Full Board in executive session (meaning closed to the public). Board meetings are open to the public unless the chairperson determines an individual’s right to privacy outweighs the public’s right to know. If so, that portion of the meeting will be closed to the public (only the respondent, complainant, and legal counsel for each (if any) may be present).
  • The complaint and response (if any) are provided to the board members prior to an upcoming board meeting for their review. The board meeting is not a hearing, but rather a meeting at which the information provided is considered and discussed by the board.


  • If the board dismisses a complaint, the complaint can be dismissed with or without prejudice.
  • Dismissal With Prejudice-The complaint is dismissed and cannot be considered in the future.
  • Dismissal Without Prejudice-The complaint is dismissed but may be considered by the board in the future if there are ever allegations of a similar nature.


  • The board can request an investigator be assigned to gather additional information surrounding the allegations made in the complaint. This may involve interviews with the respondent, the complainant, and possible witnesses.
  • After the investigation has been completed, an investigative report is prepared and presented to the board for consideration at a subsequent meeting.
  • Following the board’s review of the investigative report, a determination is made to either dismiss the complaint or take action in the form of a Cease and Desist or an Injunction.


  • The board may issue a Cease & Desist or seek an Injunction.
  • Cease & Desist–A letter from the administrative agency prohibiting a person or business from doing or continuing to do a certain activity.
  • Injunction-A writ granted by a court prohibiting a person or business from doing or continuing to do a certain activity.

For more information, contact DLI Business Standards Division at 406-841-2300